Showing posts with label Tutorials. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Tutorials. Show all posts


htop Process Viewer to monitor Processes on Linux

htop is a process viewer based on ncurses, running on your Linux system,very similar to top.If you have used top previously to view processes then you're going to feel right at the same home.But, htop stands itself above top by providing extra features.htop comes with ability to scroll up-down and horizontally as well,so it becomes easier to view the complete list of processes and commands of each processes.
htop process manager
(click on the image for full view)

Some HighLights of htop
  • htop is a text-mode process viewer for Linux/Unix based systems.
  • htop performs real-time monitoring of processes running on the system.
  • htop is very similar to top.But unlike top,htop supports scrolling vertically and horizontally as well.
  • Mouse scrolling and selection is available to perform options like killing,renicing.
  • Specific processes can be searched by names and locations.
  • Multiple processes can be tagged and a task can be performed for all the tagged processes.


25 Essential Commands for Linux Newbies

The terminal in Linux, and the need to use it, is a widely known fact, and one of the big reasons why Linux has earned the reputation of being harder to used compared to other commercial alternatives out there.

However, in my experience, Linux isn’t any more difficult to use than any other system. It’s just different. Yes, you will need to use the terminal. But, with a little practice, you can become an expert in the Linux terminal. Once you do, I believe you will find that in many ways using Linux is actually easier and faster compared to the other options out there.

What Is Linux?
At its most basic, Linux is an operating system, much like Microsoft Windows and Apple macOS. It was originally created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds when he became interested in UNIX based operating systems but became frustrated with licensing issues surrounding many operating systems of the time. Linux isn’t a port of UNIX per say, as it’s built from the ground up. But it does share many similarities to UNIX, thus coining the term UNIX-like operating system.

Today, Linux can be found in the form of distributions, created by different groups of people and companies. Some of the most popular distributions today are:

Because of its free and open source licensing policies, today tt powers a majority of the world’s servers, especially for the Internet. But it can also be found powering routers, switches, and even our televisions and many more devices.

The Linux Terminal
The Linux Shell, more often referred to as the Linux Terminal, is a text-based application designed to receive commands from the user and show the output of these commands. From here, you can completely control every aspect of your Linux operating system. While you still may have a graphical user interface for day-to-day tasks, chances are you will have to use the Terminal to properly administer your Linux operating system.

Essential Linux Commands
Now that you understand exactly what the Linux Shell or the Linux Terminal actually is, let’s take a look at 25 essential commands that you will need to know when you start using Linux.

1. clear

When you are working in your terminal, the output can fill up your terminal window. By executing the clear command, you can clear your terminal window of all that added output that you don’t need and start with a fresh, empty terminal window.


[Tutorial] Basic Linux Administration Part - 1

Hi guys, as we promised in the last announcement tutorials will make their way in like before. We are going to start a series of tutorials which will include different processes, how-to, tips for making it easy to learn about Linux. For the starters, we are going to start with basic Linux administration. This will help you to do many tasks on Linux in a simpler way. Also, it will be more helpful in learning the traditional way of using Linux.

In this tutorial, we will learn about some basic command lines which are helpful in day to day life.
  • mkdir : This command is used for making new directory or folder. To create a new folder all you need to do is open up your terminal and type in  mkdir <directory name>
    Ubuntu 17.10.2

    Ubuntu 17.10.2
In above screenshots, you can see using mkdir command we created a new folder.


How to Install Manjaro 17.0

Hi guys, Manjaro 17.0 is released few hours ago. This release brought lot of changes and improvements to Manjaro. So without wasting much time let's get to know how to install Manjaro 17.0. We have used Manjaro 17.0 KDE edition for this process.
There are few requirements before triggering installation process :
  • A USB drive or DVD for making bootable media.
  • Iso file of Manjaro Linuxwhich can be found in this post.
  • Rufus or any other bootable media creator.
  • Basic knowledge of tweaking bios and about installation procces.
  • Patience, courage and fear too.
Step 1 - Download and create bootable media of Manajro 17.0. Plug itin your system and boot into live session of Manjaro Linux 17.0. From the live session start up the graphical installer of Manjaro 17.0.

Step 2 - Now you are in installer, you will be greeted with various screens which will ask for various information such as, language, location, keyboards type, etc. It is a basic thing to do in all type of Linux installations.
Manjaro 17.0
Click to enlarge
Step 3 - This step is most important one. If you mess up here, then you can say goodbye to your data. This step involves some sub-steps, let's check them one by one.


How to install Calculate Linux with screenshots

Hello guys, yesterday we talked about Calculate Linux and as per our experience one can have difficulties while installing it. So we thought, why not give a quick guide on how to install it. For this procedure you will need to do few things first :
  1. Download Calculate Linux iso from official website.
  2. Make a bootable USB or DVD of Calculate Linux iso.
  3. Tweak your bootloader and boot from USB or DVD.
  4. Have faith in yourself, may the force be with you.
Basic steps for any installation process.
After you boot from USB or DVD, you need to start installer of Calculate Linux from live medium. Once installer started, you will meet with basic things i.e. choose your locale, time zone. After you done slelcting it you will be proceed to distribution selection page. From this page you can select different editions of Calculate Linux. By default it will be chosen as per your iso.
Calculate Linux 17
Click to enlarge


How to upgrade to Linux Mint 18.1 from Mint 18?

Linux Mint, From a new comer to some pro-level fellows prefer it. The simplicity, readability, stability and at the same time the availability of Linux Mint in amazing DE(Desktop Environments) attracts users world widely. Well, I guess the intro was not needed but still, for our new-comers it should be here(Shouldn't it be?)

Well, coming to the topic, How to upgrade to Linux Mint 18.1, the latest release from Mint team.Just days back, Linux Mint 18.1 released.So after the release of the update, Mint team also pushed the upgrade option for users already on Linux Mint 18.So here is how you can upgrade easily.
Before proceeding, As Mint team has made an documentation over the way to upgrade to Linux Mint 18.1,as they said there "If it ain't broke, Don't Fix it", so on this comment we would say the same, don't upgrade if you are having no or very few issues, one should have good reason to upgrade.
You might be thinking why so? Then answer is you never know what problems are waiting in the newer version. It will be a safe step to stick to a stable version with no issues. One will get the same package updates on Mint 18 as on Mint 18.1 will.
  • Launch Update Manager and simply click on the refresh button the top panel of the window, now after the update list update, see for 'mintupdate' and 'mint-upgrade-info' in the list. 
  • Now just apply the update if both are there, it will simply grab the upgrade option right in the 'Edit' menu.
    Linux Mint 18.1 Serena Update option
    There you can see an option to upgrade to "Upgrade to Linux Mint 18.1 Serena" just click on it and follow the screen as directs.
So, this is the best and easiest way to upgrade to Linux Mint 18.1.


How to install VeraCrypt on Linux?

Previously, we posted How to encrypt Data and files/folders on Linux.There we gave a quick view on VeraCrypt,a GUI based Encryption tool.
We found that VeraCrypt is available only in archive tar.bz2 and not available in simpler to install .deb or .rpm formats, even on Ubuntu and other software stores are not availing the downloads of VeraCrypt.
So here is a very quick and simple post on how to install VeraCrypt very quickly with just few commands typed by our keyboard.


How to encrypt folders and files on Ubuntu/Linux Mint/ Debian/ Linux?

When it comes to security of our secret and highly sensitive data and files then, we really don't tend to take more risks.The best way to keep our files and folders secure is encryption of files and folders.
Wondering how to do it?
Well, there are many tools available for encryption on Windows, Linux.But today we are about to cover some tools for Linux.The Windows Version should be published real soon.

What is Encryption?
As written on webopedia:Encryption is the most effective way to achieve data security. To read an encrypted file, you must have access to a secret key or password that enables you to decrypt it. Unencrypted data is called plain text ; encrypted data is referred to as cipher text.

So,Now here are two cool tools to do your encryption work
GnuPG: GnuPG is one of the best encryption tool available.It is a command-line tool, so newcomers to Linux would be thinking to avoid it, but it is so easy for any individual user.On most of the Debian based Distros GnuPG is pre-installed, so no need of externally installations.


How to install Apricity OS with screenshots

Few days ago we explained a little about Apricity OS. We hope you guys had no problems while installing it or making a dual boot with windows. But in case someone actually having problem then here's how you should install Apricity OS in most easier way. To start the process there are some requirements, of course you have to fulfill these first.
  1. A PC or Laptop.
  2. A bootable USB key or DVD which have Apricity OS in it.
  3. A little knowledge of partitioning.
  4. If you don't have knowledge of partitioning then lots of courage.
First of all we assume that you guys already made bootable media of Apricity OS. Just insert it in your laptop / PC and hit the boot loader. (Please don't ask how to access boot loader, it is the most basic thing in a life of computer operator) Select boot from USB/DVD and you will be able to enter Apricity OS live session. Just select install to hard drive and start installation process. First three steps are easy, choose your keyboard layout, region, language,etc.
Apricity OS 09.2016
click to enlarge
Now after you have done selecting basic things, the main problem comes in front of us. This main problem is known as partitioning. As you can see below there are four options install alongside, replace a partition, erase disk and manual partitioning. Now you can simply go to first three options to get your work done easily, but we recommend the fourth option i.e. manual partitioning. why manual partitioning? Because it gives you courage and knowledge to handle future partitioning tasks.
Apricity OS 09.2016
click to enlarge
Now we are inside manual partitioning thing. You can see we already have dual booted our PC with windows + Bodhi Linux. So what we are gonna do is remove Bodhi and install Apricity. This case is in our PC. Your PC can only have one OS in that case you need to either shrink your partition or use other partition as host for Linux (we have also given information on how to do this somewhere in this site)
Apricity OS 09.2016
Now what we gonna do is simply remove Bodhi Linux partition here and replace it with Apricity OS. See below screenshots carefully and you will understand more quickly.
Apricity OS 09.2016
 Remember to create new partition as primary one with ext4 file system (why ext4? well, for no good reason. you can keep ext2 or ext3 too) The mount point should only be '/' this will mount root system on that partition. and no need to select any flags.
Apricity OS 09.2016
 Now you can see we have replaced Bodhi Linux partition with Apricity OS. and remember to keep your root of HDD as master boot loader (we actually have two HDD in our PC that's there are many options).
Apricity OS 09.2016
click to enlarge
After this all you will be asked to create a user account for this OS. It is important to fill it properly and try not to forget your password.
Apricity OS 09.2016
Now we have completed all the steps successfully. After this we will be greeted with a summary of our process. See below as we made changes to partitions, it is shown there in summary. Always check your summary to confirm that everything is done in proper way.
Apricity OS 09.2016
After confirming everything summary just hit the next button to stat the process of installing Apricity OS and wait until the process is complete. Reboot your PC and you got two options to choose from. Congratulations, you have successfully dual booted your PC.
Apricity OS 09.2016

Apricity OS 09.2016
For more interesting thing in Linux world, keep visiting us and keep try various things with Linux. Most importantly have fun with Linux.


How to manage runnig processes using Terminal on Linux

Managing and monitoring background running processes are not only basic needs as per view of performance control but security is also a concern in this cyber linked world.
Previously we have posted htop Process Viewer to monitor Processes on Linux which was an alternative way to access the background running processes and applications with control to manage them by the single click and count.
Today we are going to talk about the terminal commands, used for managing and viewing the processes running on your system.
Here are some commands to manage running processes:
  •   Type in the following command to get the details about the runnimg processes without details.
  • ps aux command will also list the running processes but with a details.So instead of getting only name-list of the running processes,if detailed process monitoring is your need then this command will help you up.
    username@pcname:~$ps aux


How to install Korora Linux with screenshots

We are hoping you guys are having a good time with us. Yesterday we gave a little explaination and review of Korora 24 and today we will tell you how to install it in a easier way. But before we start there are some prequisites.
  1. ISO file of Korora Linux which can be downloaded from Official Website. Make a bootable USB or a DVD using this ISO.
  2. We will need a blank partition, so backup your files and free up a partition or simply split a large partition into 2 smaller one. (This is for people seeking dual boot)
  3. A little knowledge of your PC BIOS.
  4. Courage of believing in what you are doing.
  5. Give Some Time To Read:Help Us To Grow
Now after completing the prequisites boot into the live medium of Korora Linux. On the desktop you will see a little icon on top left corner click on that to start Anaconda installer. First screen you will get is language selection which is easy for anyone to get through.
Korora 24 sheldon


How to install Manjaro Linux

Few days ago we posted a review about Manjaro, an Arch Linux based Distribution. So there must be some users who are thinking to install Manjaro in their PC. To make that process more easier we are going to explain how to install Manjaro Linux along with Windows or without windows.
  • First thing you have to do is head to the Official Website of Manjaro Linux and download the latest ISO file of available version. After doing this you have to either burn that ISO to a DVD or simply make a bootable USB. To make a bootable USB use Rufus tool if you are using windows or use unetbootin if you are using any other Linux distro.
  • Now we assume that you have made a bootable USB of Manjaro Linux. Plug that USB in your PC's port and start your bootloader, from bootloader select boot from USB and save the configuration. The next thing you will see is Manjaro Linux splashscreen asking you to start Manjaro Linux. After completing this step you will enter live medium of Manjaro Linux.
  •   In the Live medium open up application launcher and choose installer. We recommend calamares as shown in screenshot below. This will open up the graphical installer for Manjaro, which is one of the epic thing for a Arch based distro.
Manjaro Linux 16.06.1
Choosing installer for Manjaro Linux


Monitor Data usage and Speed on Android

Hello Friends!
Most of us used to get worry about unknown data usage by background or any unknown apps on our Android devices,and it becomes more important to know about the apps eating data,when we are using our mobile data subscription.Isn't it so?
By monitoring data usage of apps you can easily manage the apps consuming data and stop'em!
Here is an app named Data Usage Monitor ,that is available on Play Store.Let's get some details about the awesome features of this app!
data usage monitor

Data Speed Indicator:
There is a given data speed indicator always running on the top of your screen,showing you the data speed both downloading & can toggle the baud rate unit,either in bits/s or bytes/s(completely personal preference)


Basic terminal commands in Ubuntu for beginners PART 2

Hello my friends,

We were out for some fun in festival, but we are back now. today we will be continuing the basic terminal commands in ubuntu. Hope you guys are already playing around with Ubuntu. So let's begin.

You are connected to internet but you don't know your network information (what's this supposed to mean?) well you can check it in terminal by typing :
By typing this in terminal, your network information will be shown right below it.

In the same fashion wanna check your wireless information? Simple just type in :
Well sometimes we need to scan for wireless networks (especially for neighbor's wifi :P) for that type in :
sudo iwlist scan  
and it will scan for all the available wireless networks.


Basic terminal commands in Ubuntu for beginers

Hello everyone,

Today we are here with major basics. May be one will say "basics? seriously? I am expert of computers" and blah blah blah. But basics are important factor in everything. We just can't go advanced mode without any knowledge of basics. So here we are telling few basic terminal things which are very useful for noobs and experts too (consider it as a revision).

How to open Terminal? ohh it's just too difficult. In ubuntu press ctrl+alt+T and terminal window will be there (alternatively you can open it from applications menu). Let's say you wanna go in root mode so what we gonna do is open terminal and type in:
sudo su
then it will ask for your password and you will have access as root user.

Again if you wanna change your password (ofcource when you know your current password) just type in terminal :
It will ask you too type in your current password and new password and you are set to go.

Wanna make a folder in your files system? you can easily do it via nautilus file manager but you can also do it from terminal by typing following :
mkdir /home/username/new_folder
Where mkdir is command from making new folder, username is your pc name (like john, jj, dude, smith, Czechoslovakia, etc, etc), new_folder can be any name of the folder.

 When you can create folder, then of course you can destroy them too. Nautilus is again the best option but why not play with terminal.
rm -rf /home/username/folder_name
Beware of this command. One wrong move in this thing and you can loose your porn folder. I know it is very serious to loose porn folder but it would be worse if you loose your whole system (including the porn folder :P). This command will delete the folder and it's sub-folders if specified correctly. by any chance if you typed  rm -rf /    then just say bye bye to whole system. (we strongly suggest you to use nautilus for deleting folders.)

Now how about copying a folder or file to other place. You can do it in terminal by typing :
cp source destination
Let's take an example we want to copy an image.png file from /home/pictures folder to /home/documents folder then we can do it by :
cp /home/pictures/image.png /home/documents/
Now, you want to install some software via terminal but you just can't find package even after typing proper command then you need to refresh your available repositories by typing :
sudo apt-get update
This command will completely update your repositories so any further package installations will done smoothly.

There are upgrades to all your package or some of your packages, though in ubuntu you will be notified by software updater. But why not do it through teminal :
sudo apt-get upgrade


Troubleshooting Factory Re-set not working on Android Phone

Hola Earthieezz......!

Last few days back I was having a major issue in my Android device (Moto G Turbo), it wasn't responding according to my entries, likewise, Notification Bar wasn't pulling down,the home button (of course,Soft key! :p) wasn't working properly.....and so on!
My phone was behaving like my GF, so mad on me for no good reason(s) :p

Then all I had left was to factory reset as I had already tried most of the common solutions.Then again here the Factory rest button was just off, then I rebooted my phone in recovery mode to get it resetted from there, but no good luck. That wasn't working at all. Developer mode was just disappeared!

Now after seeing all these symptoms, I can go in hard way to just get it flashed with the official ROM, but I was feeling too lazy and I thought to just find a easy way out.

And Luckily, I got an App Simple Factory Reset
How's The App Simple Factory Reset?
So,this is a real good app having a so easy UI and just few clicks away you can simply Factory Re-set your Android phone.
(Image Source:Play Store)

Download it : Simple Factory Reset

So, I hope this was the easiest way to factory reset your phone.So this was all for today.
See you all in our next post.Till Then EAT TECH,SLEEP TECH,LIVE TECH and keep visiting Techphylum :)


Knock Code Lockscreen - Xposed Module

Yo guys,

Good morning/afternoon/night, we hope you guys are having good time. you should because today we are writing about Knock code lockscreen. Wait, is this thing used in LG smartphones? well yes it is, but due to progression in technology some cool dudes made it to work on all devices (ahem, android 4.2+ only). and yes it require Xposed framework, so forget about this if you don't have xposed installed. Or, you can just simply install xposed in your phone. But how? simple just go to this post -

So how this knock code works? first of all you have to install this module, then activate it from xposed modules menu and  reboot your phone. if you done this then you are good to go.


Pidgin : an amazing instant messenger client

Hello folks,

                  Today we have something good for "the chatters". Well this wont be a new thing for typical Linux users but for windows users this can be something new (thought it's quite old). Not long time ago we used to have an official Facebook messenger for desktop, but sadly it was disconnected by Facebook management. So messenger is now only on mobiles and tablets? Actually no. From the ancient times till now there is a versatile IM client to satisfy all your needs for different websites, It was (and is) named as Pidgin.
We recently posted :

Pidgin is used in Linux from long time. As it is open source, lightweight and easy to operate, it's really a fun experience to use Pidgin. Pidgin supports various websites and chat services in one single client. Which is quite handy as you can use multiple services at once and also multiple accounts of single service.


Video compressor for windows phone 8 : easiest method to compress your videos

Hey buddies!

                            We hope you guys are having good time in our site. Well we recently started Windows Phone section so we will be covering some important stuff here. Today we will introduce you guys to a handy tool which is great reducing size of your videos without actually needing a PC.
We recently posted :

The name of this tool is Video Compressor, it is available in store for free. This is really important and must have utility on your windows phone. So what does it do? Simple we always have high resolution video and sometimes we wanna share them over whatsapp or other messengers or any other place but size of video bothers a lot. This app will simply compress the video reducing it's size for easier sharing. It have plenty of options to choose from. you can select resolution, size, bitrate, etc. 
As you can see in below screenshots, it has a clean and tidy UI which is very easy to use. First of all you have to select a video file by tapping on choose video button.

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